© 2004 Ruth Kennedy, Courtesy of Photoshare
Ruth Kennedy
Addis Ababa
Date taken: 
April 30, 2004
Known Person: 


Twelve post-operative women at the Addis Ababa Fistula Hospital in Ethiopia are ready to go home. They have had their obstetric fistulae repaired, and they have been given new dresses (the constant leakage of body waste, caused by fistulae, ruins clothing). Only a few have live babies. Most have given birth to stillborn babies.

History of Use

Organization Media Type Title
Population Institute Report The 21st Century Papers: Saving Mothers' Lives, Reducing Maternal Mortality in the Developing World, March 2006
Marian College Powerpoint Presentation Health Care Missions: Africa, November 2005
Trident Technical College Powerpoint Presentation Obstetric Fistulas, February 2005
Cornell University Website http://www.people.cornell.edu/pages/mg294/maternalmortality.html ,April 2005
MEASURE DHS Report DHS Key Findings Report: Ethiopia 2005, August 2006
International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) Annual Report FIGO Three Year Report
CORE Group Report Social Mobilization: Lessons Learned from the CORE Group Polio Project in Angola, Ethiopia, and India
Johns Hopkins University | Bloomberg School of Public Health | Center for Communication Programs Other Ending Obstetric Fistula—A Devastating Condition for Millions of Women
Health Communication Capacity Collaborative (HC3) Project Website Obstetric Fistula